Biodiesel are vegetable oil and animal fat that are transformed to fuel that can be used in diesel engines. Biodiesel holds the potential to reduce greenhouse gas and provide an alternative to petroleum-based diesel. Currently there are several sources of Biodiesel though they suffer from low yield and are competing with food, land, water, and other resources to produce fuel resulting in increased price for other necessities such as oil.
At IR4TD researchers have developed an innovative catalyzed process to produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oils. The process includes two steps: fast preparation and transesterification, the process reduces the time and cost of the produced Biodiesel resulting in affordable, available, and can be mass produced.
The synthesized biodiesel was analyzed for their combustion characteristics. The results show that the synthesized biodiesel has higher burning rate and a lower propensity to soot formation as compared with petroleum-based diesel because of its oxygen content.
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